Health TipsRisk Factors For Obesity

Risk Factors For Obesity – Obesity is a health condition that occurs when your body has an excess amount of fat tissue. It is primarily caused by an imbalance between calories consumed and burned off through activity.

Several Factors Can Play a Role in Determining the Risk of Obesity

People with obesity have an increased risk of developing certain diseases and conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, strokes and cancer. Knowing your risk can help you and your doctor take steps to improve your health. In addition to inherited genes, environmental factors can also play a role in determining your risk for obesity. Your family’s eating habits, types of physical activity and the environment where they lived all can contribute to your risk.

Keeping track of your family’s health can help you, your children and other relatives spot these inherited health risks sooner so they can take steps to protect their own health. This can include getting regular checkups, exercising more or following a healthier diet. You can start by asking your parents, siblings and grandparents about their own family medical history. You may also want to consider collecting information from your aunts, uncles and cousins.

Your doctor or other health care provider may have a tool to help you collect and keep track of this information. The Surgeon General’s office has a website called “My Family Health Portrait” to make it easy to record your family’s health. The environment is a term that refers to all the physical and biological elements surrounding us. It can include both biotic and abiotic factors, such as air, water, soil and sunlight.

Environment Can Influence Health Through Behavior and Genetics

The CDC explains that the environment can influence a person’s health through behavior, genetics and multiple factors. For example, a person’s neighborhood can affect their eating habits and physical activity levels. A person’s family can also have an effect on their weight and health. For instance, having a parent with obesity can increase a child’s risk of becoming overweight.

The environment has many benefits for humans, but it is important to keep it clean and not pollute it. The environment provides services such as climatic stability, protection from ultra-violet rays and ecological diversity. Sedentary behavior, which involves sitting or lying down for long periods of time with very little physical activity, is an important risk factor for obesity. It is associated with the development of chronic health conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers.

To prevent obesity, adults should get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity per week and 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise. This is a challenging goal for many, so people should find small ways to add more movement into their routine. For people who spend a lot of their days working in front of a computer, getting enough exercise can be even more difficult. However, it’s crucial to break up those prolonged stretches of sitting and make sure you have some light physical activity during your downtime.

Regulating Weight and Reducing the Risk of Obesity

Choosing the right diet helps you manage your weight and reduce your risk of obesity. You can choose a diet that is low in fat, sugar and calories, and high in fibre and good quality protein. Your diet should include plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, wholegrains and lean meats. It should also be free of saturated and trans fats, added sugars and salt.

Dietary habits can make a difference in your weight and the health of your family members. A diet that is too high in sugar and fat can lead to obesity, and this can increase your risk of heart disease and diabetes. Your diet can also affect the bacteria in your gut. If your gut bacteria are unhealthy, it can affect how much food you eat and increase your risk of obesity.

Reference :

Hebebrand, Johannes, and Anke Hinney. “Environmental and genetic risk factors in obesity.” Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America 18.1 (2009): 83-94.

Reilly, J. J., Armstrong, J., Dorosty, A. R., Emmett, P. M., Ness, A., Rogers, I., … & Sherriff, A. (2005). Early life risk factors for obesity in childhood: cohort study. Bmj330(7504), 1357.


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