Health TipsMedical Issues With Eyes

Medical Issues With Eyes – Eye problems are common and can be part of a larger symptom complex. Many different medical disorders can cause eye problems. They may affect different parts of the eye, including the orbit and visual system. The following are some of the most common eye issues and the causes of each. These problems may need to be addressed as part of your overall health and wellbeing. For further information, talk to your doctor. We hope this article has helped you understand the most common eye problems and what to do if you are experiencing one of them.

Preventing Vision Problems Early

In addition to eye health, general health is vital for good vision. There are many risks of eye problems as we age, such as glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and retinal detachment. Treating eye problems early is key to preserving your vision. You should see your doctor immediately if you notice any of these symptoms. Taking action now may prevent serious vision problems later in life. The treatment of eye problems will depend on the severity of your symptoms, but catching them in time will prevent permanent damage to your vision.

The earliest signs of eye problems should be recognized in their early stages. Refractive errors are inherited. Common examples of this condition include nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. Vision therapy and surgery may be recommended to correct this problem. Depending on the severity of your symptoms, you may need surgery or vision therapy. Your eye doctor will examine your eyes in order to determine what type of treatment is best. People who are colorblind can’t distinguish certain colors, such as reds and greens. While there are cone cells in the eye that detect color, the cells called melanopsin in the uvea are absent.

A more common vision problem in children is amblyopia. Affected children have a weaker eye than the other, and it can lead to blindness. Treatments for amblyopia include corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct this vision problem. If you suspect that your child has amblyopia, see your eye doctor as soon as possible. In the meantime, if it is not too serious, it will not affect their quality of life.

Factors Affecting Refractive Disorders

Refractive errors are among the most common eye disorders and are the most common cause of poor vision. They result from a mismatch between the eye’s optical power and eye length. Environmental and hereditary factors can affect refractive errors as well. Thankfully, these errors are very treatable, and often correctable with contact lenses, eyeglasses, and even surgery. It’s worth taking care of eye health to ensure your vision remains as sharp as possible.

Glaucoma is another common eye issue. The pressure within the eye becomes elevated, and this can damage the optic nerve. This is the nerve that sends visual information to the brain. Untreated, glaucoma can lead to vision loss and blindness in one or both eyes. While open-angle glaucoma usually develops slowly over time, closed-angle glaucoma can strike suddenly and cause sudden loss of vision. Treatments for glaucoma focus on lowering eye pressure. Prescription eye drops, laser therapy, and surgery are all options for treatment.

Besides dry eye syndrome and glaucoma, inflammatory diseases can also cause red eye. Dry eyes can be uncomfortable to live with, as it can cause eye irritations, burning, and blurred vision. Your eye doctor may prescribe special eye drops that mimic tears or place plugs in the tear ducts. If these symptoms persist, you should seek medical attention. If not, the inflammation could lead to permanent vision loss. A doctor can prescribe anti-inflammatory eye drops and other medications to help alleviate symptoms.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration can begin at any age, but usually develops after age 60. It destroys the macula, the central portion of the retina that helps us focus. It rarely causes total blindness but can result in permanent vision loss. There are two types of age-related macular degeneration: wet and dry. In the former case, the floaters are caused by a sudden detachment of the retina, which is a thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye.

Cataracts, a cloudy lens in the eye, is another common eye problem that can affect anyone’s eyesight. Cataracts usually affect people over fifty years of age, but can occur in younger people, too. Fortunately, cataract treatment is now widely available. But if you’re concerned that your vision has already been affected by an eye problem, consult your doctor to determine whether you are a candidate for surgery.


Epstein, Kenneth R., et al. “Patients’ perceptions of office medical practice: judging quality through the patients’ eyes.” American Journal of Medical Quality 11.2 (1996): 73-80.

Kaldjian, L. C., Rosenbaum, M. E., Shinkunas, L. A., Woodhead, J. C., Antes, L. M., Rowat, J. A., & Forman-Hoffman, V. L. (2012). Through students’ eyes: ethical and professional issues identified by third-year medical students during clerkships. Journal of Medical Ethics38(2), 130-132.


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